VISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE

“If you want to know about the elements of design or principles of design or proportion in architecture, please click the link”


An element is one of those most basic visible things. In science, the elements are on the periodic chart (hydrogen, iron, oxygen, gold, sulfur, etc.). All the complex chemicals are simply combinations of these (H2O).

  • An object is perceived by the viewers by their five sense organs – eyes, ears(music), tongue(food), nose(perfume) and skin(surfaces).
  • All man made objects are designed.
  • Our concern will, however, be primarily related to visual perception as that is how we perceive architecture.
  • An artistic product is created by a combination of visual elements.
  • All that is visible is made up of visual elements.
  • An element will be a single entity and can not be called an element if combined with anything else.
VISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE ONE

In reality rarely if ever would an element exist in isolation. It will be present as a part of a combination of elements.

1) Elements, Principles and Objectives

  • Elements are the basic units of anything. – These can be physical or abstract
  • Principles are basic rules or guidelines for any action, idea, reasoning or thought. – These are applicable in all aspects of life
  • Objectives are things aimed at or an end or the purpose for which anything is done. – Normally all acts end in the meeting of an objective.

The Elements and Principles of design are the building blocks used to create a work of art.

The Elements of design can be thought of as the things that make up a painting, drawing, design etc.

Good or bad – all designs will contain most of if not all, the elements of design.

2) Elements of visual design

  • Visual composition starts with the basic elements: dot, line, shape, color and texture and subsequently the extended aspects of direction, movement, dimension and scale.
ELEMENTSSYMBOL
1.Dot or PointVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE TWO
2.LineVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE THREE
3.ShapeVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE FOUR
4.FormVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE FIVE
5.ColourVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE SIX
6.TextureVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE SEVEN
7.DirectionVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE EIGHT
8.MovementVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE NINE
9.DimensionVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE TEN
10.ScaleVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE ELEVEN

3) Principles of visual design

  • The Principles of visual Design are generally stated to be:
PRINCIPLESSYMBOL
1.BalanceVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE TWELVE
2.ProportionVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE THIRTEEN
3.RhythmVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE FOURTEEN
4.EmphasisVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE FIFTEEN
5.UnityVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE SIXTEEN
6.ContrastVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE SEVENTEEN
7.HarmonyVISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE EIGHTEEN

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