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ALL ABOUT FIRE SAFETY RULES IN ARCHITECTURE

Architectural information for beginner architects and students

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FIRE SAFETY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

FIRE SAFETY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of this fire rules, the following definitions shall apply. Like Assisted evacuation, Dry riser, Exit access, etc...

FIRE TOWER SCHEMATIC PLAN

FIRE TOWER

A firefighting shaft provides the fire and rescue service with a safe area from which to undertake firefighting operations...

TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION

TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION

The design of any building and the type of materials used in its construction are important factors in making the building resistant…

GENERAL EXIT REQUIREMENTS

GENERAL EXIT REQUIREMENTS

An exit may be a fire exit doorway; an internal staircase, exit passageway, external doorway, external staircase and these having access…

NUMBER OF EXITS CALCULATION IN BUILDING

NUMBER OF EXITS CALCULATION IN BUILDING

The minimum required number of exits in a building shall be determined based on occupant load and width required per person...

SMOKE MOVEMENT IN A BUILDING

SMOKE MOVEMENT IN A BUILDING

A building can be considered as a series of spaces each at a specific pressure with air movement between them from areas...

REVIEW OF SMOKE IN A BUILDING

REVIEW OF SMOKE IN A BUILDING

Smoke contains toxic and irritant gases. ¾ of all fire deaths are caused by smoke inhalation. Approximately 57% of fire deaths...

GUIDELINES FOR SMOKE CONTROL OF EXITS

GUIDELINES FOR SMOKE CONTROL OF EXITS

Pressurization of staircases is of great importance for the exclusion of smoke and toxic gases from the protected exit...

MEANS OF EGRESS OR EXITS IN BUILDING

MEANS OF EGRESS OR EXITS IN BUILDING

A means of egress is a continuous and unobstructed way of exit travel from any point in a building or structure to a public way…

MEANS OF ACCESS

MEANS OF ACCESS

Every building / plot (all types of uses) shall abut on a public / private means of access like streets / roads duly formed...

MULTIPLE INJECTION PRESSURIZATION

STAIRWELL PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM

It is imperative for the exit stairs to be free of smoke and to incorporate design features that improve the speed of occupant egress...

FIRE FIGHTING IN MULTISTORY DEVELOPMENTS

FIRE FIGHTING IN MULTISTORY DEVELOPMENTS

High-rise buildings have unique challenges related to fire protection such as longer egress times and distance, evacuation strategies...

FIRE ZONES

FIRE ZONES

The city or area under the jurisdiction of the Authority shall be demarcated into distinct zones, based on fire hazard inherent...

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