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ALL ABOUT BASIC ARCHITECTURE

Architectural information for beginner architects and students

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FIRST KNOWN ARCHITECTURE IN HISTORY

ORIGIN OF ARCHITECTURE

Building first evolved out of the dynamics between needs (shelter, security, worship, etc.) and means (available building materials)...

VISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE

VISUAL THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE

An element is one of those most basic visible things. In science, the elements are on the periodic chart (hydrogen, iron, oxygen, etc.)...

ELEMENTS OF DESIGN

ELEMENTS OF DESIGN

The element of design are the basic building blocks of any composition. These items work along to make a unified composition...

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN

The Principles of Design are concepts used to organize or arrange the component elements of design. The way in which these...

OBJECTIVE OF DESIGN

OBJECTIVE OF DESIGN

Objectives, targets or reasons for Design can be interpreted at both the physical and the metaphysical planes...

WHAT IS LINE

WHAT IS LINE

A line is a collection of points made with a pen or brush It denotes a connection between any two points in space...

GEOMETRY IN ARCHITECTURE

GEOMETRY IN ARCHITECTURE

Geometry is a branch of mathematics concerned with questions of shape, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space...

UPPER CASE LETTERS

LETTERING IN ARCHITECTURE

Dots create Line and line is the foundation of all drawings. Line in an artwork can be used in many different ways...

BASIC DESIGN VS ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

BASIC DESIGN VS ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

“Basic” art forms should be understood as art forms „different‟ from architecture, as this art form is also known as the mother of all art...

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE

To provide a comprehensive understanding of design and architecture and its elements and principles relative to their use in the designing...

LOGIC AND DECORATION IN DESIGN

LOGIC AND DECORATION IN DESIGN

The process of design thus starts with an idea that, by extensive thinking culminates into the making of a thing. Decoration is something...

DOMINANCE AND DATUM IN ARCHITECTURE

DOMINANCE AND DATUM IN ARCHITECTURE

You create dominance through contrast, emphasis and relative visual weight. A datum refers to a line, plane, or volume of reference...

THEORY OF COLOR

THEORY OF COLOR

There are three basic categories of color theory that are logical and useful : 1) Color wheel 2) Color harmony 3) The context of how…

EXAMPLE OF TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE TWO

TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE IN ARCHITECTURE

Tangible is that which can be touched. Intangible is that which can be only experienced. Architecture in its final manifestation…

COLOUR HARMONIES

COLOUR HARMONIES

We would like to be surrounded by beautiful colours in different combinations. These colour harmonies we may get from nature...

ARCHITECTURAL SCALE

SCALE IN ARCHITECTURAL

Scale refers to the size of an object (a whole) in relationship to another object. Scale refers to the relationship between two or...

FORM IN ARCHITECTURE

FORM IN ARCHITECTURE

These elements and systems should be interrelated to form an integrated whole having a unifying or articulate structure...

PROPORTION IN ARCHITECTURE

PROPORTION IN ARCHITECTURE

A proportioning system is based on a basic ratio that is continued in certain multiples. Proportion refers to the relative size and scale...

ORDER OF ARCHITECTURE

ORDER OF ARCHITECTURE

An order is a logical or methodical arrangement of components parts such that proper functioning, appearance or harmony is achieved...

GOLDEN SECTION FIVE

THEORY OF PROPORTION

1) Golden section 2) Regulating lines 3) Classical orders 4) Renaissance theories 5) Modulor 6) Ken 7) Anthrophometry…

FORMATION OF SPACE IN ARCHITECTURE ONE

RELATIONSHIP OF FORM AND SPACE

Form and space are complementary and inseparable aspects of architecture. The form of a building is its physical substance: the materials…

FORM AND SPACE IN ARCHITECTURE

FORM AND SPACE IN ARCHITECTURE

Our visual field normally consists of various elements that differ in shape, size, color, or orientation. To better comprehend the structure…

SCALE AND PROPORTION IN ARCHITECTURE

SCALE AND PROPORTION IN ARCHITECTURE

Scale and proportion play very important roles for architecture. Proportion refers to the proper and harmonious relation of one part...

TYPES OF LIFTS

There are many different types of lift which can be used in different applications, serving different purposes...

CLIMATE RESPONSIVE ARCHITECTURE - I

Climate is the long-term prevailing conditions at a particular place taken over time and based on records taken. –Includes average...

HEAT TRANSFER IN BUILDINGS

Heat can be transferred from one object/ Surface/ Space to another by three modes of heat transfer. Conduction is the process of transfer...

DESIGN OF SHADING DEVICES

The design of effective shading devices will depend on the solar orientation of a particular building facade. For example, simple fixed...

NATURAL VENTILATION & AIR MOVEMENT CONCEPT

Natural Ventilation is caused by naturally produced pressure difference due to wind outside the building. To provide an acceptable indoor ...

ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING SYMBOL

To work on the Understanding of Architectural Drawing Symbols and dimensions. The drawing of an architectural working drawing requires...

SPECIFICATIONS IN ARCHITECTURE WORK

Specifications in architecture work detailed description of the process of all workmanship and materials which are required to complete...

SPECIFICATION ON CARRIAGE & STACKING OF MATERIALS

Depending upon the feasibility and economy the mode of carriage is determined whether by mechanical or animal transport or manual labour...

SPECIFICATION ON EARTHWORK IN EXCAVATION

General guidelines for excavation work and Methods of writing specification for excavation at site. The process of moving earth, rock...

SPECIFICATION ON BRICKWORK AND CONCRETE

A structure, such as a wall, built of bricks. Brickwork = Bricks + Mortar, Concrete = cement + fine agg. + coarse agg. + water ...

ABOUT THE LIFT AND THEIR COMPONENTS

Space limitation and compact building designs in construction of multi-storeyed buildings necessitating lifts or elevators in buildings...

ORIENTATION OF BUILDING & CLIMATE

The chief aim of orientation of buildings is to provide physically and psychologically comfortable living inside the building by creating ...

NATURAL VENTILATION

Natural ventilation is the process of supplying and removing air through a space by natural means it can be achieved with open able wind...

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