FIRE ZONES

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  • The city or area under the jurisdiction of the Authority shall be demarcated into distinct zones, based on fire hazard inherent in the buildings and structures according to occupancy, which shall be called as Fire Zones.

1) Number and Designation of Fire Zones

  • The number of fire zones in a city or area under the jurisdiction of the Authority depends upon the existing layout, types of building construction, classification of existing buildings based on occupancy and expected future development of the city or area. In large cities or areas, three fire zones may be necessary, while in smaller ones, one or two may be adequate.
  • The fire zones shall be made use of in land use development plan and shall be designated as follows:

i) Fire Zone No. 1

ii) Fire Zone No. 2

iii) Fire Zone No. 3

  • This shall comprise areas having  high  hazard  industrial  buildings (Subdivision  G-3),  storage  buildings (Group H) and buildings for hazardous uses (Group  J)  or  areas  which  are  under development for such occupancies.

4) Change in the Fire Zone Boundaries

  • When the boundaries of any fire zone are changed, or when it is intended to include other areas or types of occupancies in any fire zone, it shall be done by following the same procedure as for promulgating new rules or ordinances or both.

5) Overlapping Fire Zone

  • When any building is so situated that it extends to more than one fire zone, it shall be deemed to be in the fire zone in which the major portion of the building or structure is situated.
OVERLAPPING FIRE ZONE
  • When any building is so situated that it extends equally to more than one fire zone, it shall be deemed to be in the fire zone having more hazardous occupancy buildings.

6) Temporary Buildings or Structures

  • Temporary buildings and structures shall be permitted only in Fire Zones No. 1 and 2 as the case may be, according to the purpose for which these are to be used, by special permit from the Authority for a limited period and subject to such conditions as may be imposed in the permit.
  • Such buildings and temporary structures shall be completely removed on the expiry of the period specified in the permit.
  • Adequate fire precautionary measures in the construction of temporary structures and Pandals shall be taken in accordance with good practice.

7) Restrictions on the Type of Construction for New Buildings

  • These shall be as follows:
  1. a) Buildings erected in Fire Zone No. 1 shall conform to construction of Type 1, 2, 3 or 4.
  2. b) Buildings erected in Fire Zone No. 2 shall conform to construction of Type 1, 2 or 3.
  3. c) Buildings erected in Fire Zone No. 3 shall conform to construction of Type 1 or 2.

8) Restrictions on Existing Buildings

  • The existing buildings in any fire zone shall not be required to comply with the requirements of the Code unless  these  are  altered,  or  in  the  opinion  of  the Authority, such building constitutes a hazard to the safety of the adjacent property or to the occupants of the building itself or is an unsafe building.
  • In the event of alteration, it shall be necessary to obtain permission of the Authority for such alteration consistent with fire hazard.
  • Alterations/modifications/renovations  shall  be accomplished so as to ensure conformity with all the safety requirements of the new buildings.
  • Such alterations shall not in any way bring down level of fire and life safety below that which existed earlier.
  • Any addition or alterations or construction of cubicles or partitioning, for floor area exceeding 500 m2 for all high rise buildings shall be with the approval of local fire authority.

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