LE CORBUSIER’S VILLA SAVOYE

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1) Le corbusier’s villa savoye

  • It was Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye (1929-1931) that most succinctly summed up his five points of architecture. First, Le Corbusier lifted the bulk of the structure off the ground, supporting it by pilots–reinforced concrete stilts.
  • These pilots, in providing the structural support for the house, allowed him to elucidate his next two points: a free facade, meaning non-supporting walls that could be designed as the architect wished, and an open floor plan, meaning that the floor space was free to be configured into rooms without concern for supporting walls.
  • The second floor of the Villa Savoye includes long strips of ribbon windows that allow unencumbered views of the large surrounding yard, and which constitute the fourth point of his system.
  • A ramp rising from the ground level to the third floor roof terrace (the fifth point) allows for an architectural promenade through the structure.
  • The white tubular railing recalls the industrial “ocean-liner” aesthetic that Le Corbusier much admired.

2) Villa savoye – exterior

VILLA SAVOYE EXTERIOR

3) Villa savoye – ground floor, entrance

VILLA SAVOYE GROUND FLOOR ENTRANCE

4) Villa savoye – garage sliding door

VILLA SAVOYE GARAGE SLIDING DOOR

5) Spiral staircase

SPIRAL STAIRCASE OF VILLA SAVOYE

6) Roof garden

ROOF GARDEN OF VILLA SAVOYE

7) Interior view

INTERIOR VIEW OF VILLA SAVOYE

8) Ground floor plan

GROUND FLOOR PLAN OF VILLA SAVOYE

9) First floor plan

FIRST FLOOR PLAN VILLA SAVOYE

10) Roof plan

ROOF PLAN

11) Plan, section & view

PLAN, SECTION AND VIEW OF VILLA SAVOYE

12) Legends of villa savoye

LEGENDS OF VILLA SAVOYE ONE
LEGENDS OF VILLA SAVOYE

13) Section

SECTION OF VILLA SAVOYE

14) Floor plans

FLOOR PLANS OF VILLA SAVOYE

15) Views

VIEW OF VILLA SAVOYE
VIEW OF VILLA SAVOYE ONE
VIEW OF VILLA SAVOYE TWO
VIEW OF VILLA SAVOYE THREE

16) Design features

  • Modulor design — the result of Corbu’s researches into mathematics, architecture (the golden section), and human proportion
  • “Pilotis” — the house is raised on stilts to separate it from the earth, and to use the land efficiently. These also suggest a modernized classicism.
  • No historical ornament
  • Abstract sculptural design
  • Pure color — white on the outside, a color with associations of newness, purity, simplicity, and health (LeCorbusier earlier wrote a book entitled, When the Cathedrals were White), and planes of subtle color in the interior living areas
  • A very open interior plan
  • Dynamic , non-traditional transitions between floors — spiral staircases and ramps
  • Built-in furniture
  • Ribbon windows (echoing industrial architecture, but also providing openness and light)
  • Roof garden, with both plantings and architectural (sculptural) shapes
  • Integral garage (the curve of the ground floor of the house is based on the turning radius)
  • The Villa Savoye is a masterpiece of LeCorbusier’s purist design.
  • It is perhaps the best example of LeCorbusier’s goal to create a house which would be a “machine a habiter,” a machine for living (in).
  • Located in a suburb near Paris, the house is as beautiful and functional as a machine.

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